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One of the world’s rarest fungi, an exotic star-shaped mushroom known to exist at only three locations on Earth, has been discovered in the mountains of Nara prefecture.

The Devil’s Cigar (a.k.a. “Texas Star”) — known to botanists as Chorioactis geaster — had been observed only in central Texas and at two remote locations in Japan prior to the recent discovery in Nara. The peculiar fungus is described as a dark brown cigar-shaped capsule that transforms into a tan-colored star when it splits open to release its spores. It is also one of only a few known fungi that produce an audible hiss when releasing spores.




First reported in 1893 in Austin, Texas, the curious mushroom appears in a limited area of central Texas each year, and until now, the rare sightings in Japan have occurred in forests in Miyazaki and Kochi prefectures. The fungus is included on the red list of threatened species published by Japan’s Environment Ministry.

The recent Nara discovery was made by Masakuni Kimura, curator of a natural history museum in the town of Kawakami (Nara prefecture). Kimura first encountered Devil’s Cigars in October 2006 while surveying a forest near Kawakami, where he found 12 of them growing from a dead oak tree next to a mountain stream at an elevation of 470 meters (about 1,550 ft). Nearly a year later, in September 2007, he discovered four more of the mushrooms when he returned to the site with Shuichi Kurogi, curator of the Miyazaki Prefectural Museum of Nature and History. Their findings were presented at a recent meeting of the Mycological Society of Japan.

The site of the Nara discovery, like the previous Miyazaki and Kochi sites, is located in a humid forest. At all three sites, the Devil’s Cigars were observed growing on dead oak trees near a stream.


Texas Star, the state fungus of Texas?!

In central Texas (which is located at approximately the same latitude as southern Japan), the rare fungus appears during fall and winter, growing from the stumps and dead roots of cedar elm trees.

Tsuyoshi Hosoya, head botanist at Japan’s National Science Museum, says, “The DNA of the Devil’s Cigar from Miyazaki is consistent with the one from Texas. They are regarded as the same species.”

While it is unknown how this exceedingly rare mushroom came to appear only in Japan and central Texas, one intriguing theory suggests that spores from Japan were swept up in an Asian dust cloud and carried across the globe.




Source

Thanks for the link [livejournal.com profile] campybear

on 2008-08-06 02:01 pm (UTC)
Posted by [identity profile] soren-grey.livejournal.com
It hisses? That's pretty rad.

on 2008-08-06 03:26 pm (UTC)
Posted by [identity profile] pseudomanitou.livejournal.com
http://metroid.wikia.com/wiki/Image:Boss_powerbombguardian2.jpg

on 2008-08-06 04:37 pm (UTC)
Posted by [identity profile] lonlywolf90.livejournal.com
do the spores turn dead bodies in to zombies ?

on 2008-08-06 04:39 pm (UTC)
Posted by [identity profile] tinycorvid.livejournal.com
That's the strangest looking fungi I've ever seen. I love that things like this exist. :D

on 2008-08-06 04:50 pm (UTC)
Posted by [identity profile] sabotlours.livejournal.com
Neat looking! The hissing spore release sounds like something out of a Star Trek episode.

on 2008-08-06 06:26 pm (UTC)
Posted by [identity profile] lupercus-wuff.livejournal.com
I am sooo not wearing a red shirt...

on 2008-08-06 05:01 pm (UTC)
Posted by [identity profile] schnitzalted.livejournal.com
That is pretty damn awesome!

on 2008-08-06 05:13 pm (UTC)
Posted by [identity profile] shadow-mage.livejournal.com
Wow! Cool :D

on 2008-08-06 05:58 pm (UTC)
Posted by [identity profile] kalika-tybera.livejournal.com
That absolutely has to be the most amazing fungus I've ever seen :D It's pretty, big and hisses! That's so cool!
Thanks for sharing this, I find it really really neat.... I wonder if it would taste good?
And now I'm going to go show it to my husband who dislikes mushrooms *snickers*

on 2008-08-06 06:25 pm (UTC)
Posted by [identity profile] lupercus-wuff.livejournal.com
Now this is interesting right there. :)

Of course it's also somewhat disconcerting. You have to ask yourself just what else is going to pop up in North America. A couple years ago in my neck of the wood we had a huge infestation of chinese giant wood boreing bettles pass through.

on 2008-08-06 08:13 pm (UTC)
Posted by [identity profile] gothicbeauty21.livejournal.com
That's awesome.

on 2008-08-06 09:10 pm (UTC)
Posted by [identity profile] dragonheadthing.livejournal.com
So if you get a group of them together, can they 'hiss' a tune?

on 2008-08-06 10:13 pm (UTC)
Posted by [identity profile] razerz.livejournal.com
Oh WOW.

on 2008-08-06 10:58 pm (UTC)
Posted by [identity profile] tekaril.livejournal.com
I think it's beautiful! Thank you for sharing.

on 2008-08-07 01:07 am (UTC)
Posted by [identity profile] film2edit.livejournal.com
Awesome find!

on 2008-08-07 01:53 am (UTC)
Posted by [identity profile] karmicbunny.livejournal.com
That thing looks kick ass!
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